Multiplication

Year 1 Multiply with concrete objects, arrays and pictorial representations.

There are 3 sweets in one bag. How many sweets are in 5 bags altogether? 3+3+3+3+3=15

- Give children experience of counting equal group of objects in 2s, 5s and 10s.
- Present practical problem solving activities involving counting equal sets or groups, as above.

Key vocabulary: groups of, lots of, times, array, altogether, multiply, count

Key skills for multiplication at Y1:

- Count in multiples of 2, 5 and 10;
- Solve one-step problems involving multiplication, by calculating the answer using concrete objects, pictorial representations and arrays with the support of the teacher;
- Make connections between arrays, number patterns, and counting in twos, fives and tens;
- Begin to understand doubling using concrete objects and pictorial representations.

Year 2 Multiply using arrays and repeated addition (using at least 2s, 5s and 10s)

Key vocabulary: groups of, lots of, times, array, altogether, multiply, count, multiplied by, repeated addition, column, row, commutative, sets of, equal groups, times as big as, once, twice, three times...

Key skills for multiplication at Y2:

- Count in steps of 2, 3 and 5 from zero, and in 10s from any number;
- Recall and use multiplication facts from the 2, 5 and 10 multiplication tables, including recognising odds and evens;
- Write and calculate number statements using the x and = signs;
- Show that multiplication can be done in any order (commutative);
- Solve a range of problems involving multiplication, using concrete objects, arrays, repeated addition, mental methods, and multiplication facts;
- Use a variety of language to discuss and describe multiplication.